A Bill (H.R. 12707) "to enable the people of Oklahoma and of the Indian Territory to form a constitution and State government, and to enable the people of New Mexico and of Arizona to form a constitution and State government," was introduced in the House of Representatives by Hon. Edward L. Hamilton of Michigan and referred to the Committee on Territories, January 22, 1906; reported back favorably from the committee, by Mr. Hamilton, January 23, 1906; debated, amended, and passed January 25, 1906. In the Senate, referred to Committee on Territories, January 25, 1906; reported back from the committee, by Hon. Albert J. Beveridge of Indiana, January 29, 1906; amended, due to the efforts of Hon. Joseph B. Foraker of Ohio, to provide for a vote by and to require approval of each territory separately, and passed March 9, 1906; approved by President Theodore Roosevelt, June 16, 1906.