Initially created in 1929 as the State Board of Barbers and Cosmeticians, the Board of Cosmetology was established as currently organized by Laws 1958, Chapter 101. Statutory authority is found at A.R.S. §§32-501 through 32-576. Regulatory rules are found at Arizona Administrative Code Title 4, Chapter 10 (A.A.C. R4-10-101 through R4-10-405.)
The broadest goal of the Board is to protect the public from the incompetent practice of cosmetology. To do this, the Board is tasked with creating and enforcing sanitary and safety standards in salons and schools, as well as within the general practice of cosmetology, aesthetics, and nail technology. Additional responsibilities include: issuing licenses; setting standards for salon services, whether mobile or in a fixed location; administering written and practical examinations (or contracting with a national professional organization to do so); and prescribing minimum curriculum standards for schools that train cosmetologists, aestheticians, nail technicians, hairstylists and instructors. The Board consists of seven members, appointed by the Governor.
The State Board of Barbers and Cosmeticians, established in 1929 and amended in 1931, was reorganized in 1935 as two entities: the State Board of Beauty Culturist Examiners and the State Board of Barber Examiners. The current structure of the State Board of Cosmetology was established in 1958. In 1984, Board statutes were updated and reorganized, although the powers and duties of the Board remained essentially unchanged. See Laws 1929, Chapter 76; Laws 1931, Chapter 39; Laws 1935, Chapter 52; Laws 1958, Chapter 101 and Laws 1984, Chapter 280.
The initial Board consisted of three members, appointed by the Governor to three-year terms. Laws 1984, Chapter 280 increased the number of Board members to seven, including two practicing cosmetologists, one practicing nail technician, one active instructor, one school owner, one educator from outside cosmetology and nail technology, and one member of the public not associated with the field. In 2016, the educator position was eliminated and a second public member position was created.
Laws 2000, Chapter 147 allowed the Board to either administer testing or to contract with a national professional organization; modified licensure requirements for aestheticians, cosmetologists, nail technicians and instructors; restructured fees for applications, exams, licenses and related services; and outlined confidentiality requirements for exams, grading, transcripts and investigations.
Two measures enacted in 2008 addressed responsibilities of the Board. Laws 2008, Chapter 183 provided an automatic, limited extension for various state-issued licenses, including those issued by the Board of Cosmetology, to members of the U.S. military while serving on active duty. Laws 2008, Chapter 232 allowed an aesthetician to perform cosmetic laser procedures after obtaining a license from the Arizona Radiation Regulatory Agency (ARRA). The Board is responsible for investigating complaints and is required to report to the ARRA any complaints received about training or performance of an aesthetician certified as a laser technician.
Laws 2011, Chapter 199 eliminated term limits for Board members; authorized the Executive Director of the Board to issue licenses; required certain coursework for applicants for a reciprocity license; and eliminated the requirement for the Board to mail a notice of renewal to a licensee.
Laws 2016, Chapter 251 modified membership on the Board by replacing the educator position with an additional public member; revised age requirements for licensure; and established the legislative “Cosmetic Lasers Study Committee” with a report due by December 31, 2016.
Laws 2017, Chapter 12 established hairstyling as an activity regulated by the Board and outlined requirements to obtain a hairstylist license and a hairstylist instructor license. The measure also reduced the number of hours of instructor training required to obtain a cosmetologist and aesthetics instructor license.
Two measures enacted in 2019 addressed cosmetology licensing requirements. Laws 2019, Chapter 96 exempts persons who shampoo, condition, dry or style hair from cosmetology licensing requirements and regulations, however the person must complete a class on sanitation, infection protection and law review offered by the Board. Laws 2019, Chapter 109 exempts participants in an apprenticeship program in cosmetology from licensing and regulation if the apprentice works with a mentor in a Board-licensed establishment. The measure establishes requirements to qualify as a mentor and outlines licensing qualifications for persons who complete an apprenticeship program in cosmetology.
- A.R.S. Title 32, Chapter 5, Articles 1 through 6 at §§32-501 through 32-576
- Session Laws
- Laws 1929, Chapter 76
- Laws 1931, Chapter 39
- Laws 1935, Chapter 52
- Laws 1958, Chapter 101
- Laws 1984, Chapter 280
- Laws 2000, Chapter 147
- Laws 2008, Chapter 183 and Chapter 232
- Laws 2011, Chapter 1999
- Laws 2017, Chapter 12
- Laws 2019, Chpater 96 and Chapter 109
- Administrative Code
- A.A.C. R4-10-101 through R4-10-405
related collections at Arizona State archives
Record Group 017 – Arizona Board of Board of Barbers, 1929-1971