The land that would one day become Grand Canyon National Park was first protected as Grand Canyon National Forest by President Benjamin Harrison in 1893. Tourism to the park began in the early 1900s when the Atchison, Topeka & Santa Fe railroad line brought visitors to the South Rim in 1901, and the El Tovar Hotel opened in 1905. The National Park Service was formed in 1916, and in 1919 Grand Canyon National Park, the seventeenth National Park, was formed.
Read About It
Use the document analysis sheet and the photograph analysis sheet to uncover clues about the people that created the documents.
- When was the Grand Canyon first protected? When did it become a National Park?
- Why was the Grand Canyon made into a National Park? Why did people go to the Grand Canyon?
- How are the postcards of the Grand Canyon different than the photographs from the same period? Why do you think this is?
Visit the websites below to learn more. Based on this new information, have your answers to the questions above changed?
The Whole Story: Books About The Grand Canyon
Anderson, M. F. (2000). Polishing the Jewel: An Administrative History of Grand Canyon National Park. Grand Canyon, AZ: Grand Canyon Association. http://www.nps.gov/grca/historyculture/adhigrca.htm
Dimrock, B. (2001). Sunk without a sound : the tragic Colorado River honeymoon of Glen and Bessie Hyde. Flagstaff, AZ: Freshwater Press. http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/46358755
Michaels, L. (2001). Grand Ambition: a novel. New York: Norton. http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/45637070